casoni caorle

Casoni of Caorle, Their History

Caorle is a fascinating location in many ways, with countless opportunities to be amazed both when visiting the center and the truly pristine nature surrounding it.

A magical place, ancient with a history spanning 2000 years and perhaps much more. While the monuments bear witness to the historical and religious events of the entire lagoon area, it is the presence of villages and marshy areas that are truly breathtaking.

The history can be experienced by visiting the villages and surrounding nature on a simple bike ride. A must-visit, if you decide to holiday in Caorle, is the typical homes of the Fishermen in the Lagoon, the famous Casoni. Visiting them evokes a kind of genuine emotion from discovering an ancient world of unknown age; the authenticity of these places elevates them beyond all the tourist attractions created for the occasion.

In Ernest Hemingway’s novel “Across the River and Into the Trees,” they are mentioned. It describes an architecture that can be called ancestral, characterized by extreme simplicity yet very functional, achieved using construction materials sourced directly from the lagoon area.

The History of Casoni

It is presumed that they could even date back to the Neolithic period, where this type of dwelling was common for fishermen who came to the lagoon to fish in winter. Unfortunately, many of these Casoni have not been preserved over the centuries.

More recently, the reclamation effort by the Italian state led to the sacrifice of many of them. Those that survived are along the banks of the Lemene and in nearby channels.

The same evolution of the fishing activity led to the abandonment of the lagoon in search of better fishing results.
For these reasons, today the Casoni are places where the history of the location is lived, but they are no longer inhabited as they were until recently. The typical dwellings of the lagoon areas can be visited with a simple walk or better yet, on a bike. They consist of a wooden structure that is covered with marsh reeds collected right from the area; they have no windows (the original ones), nor chimneys. The smoke from the hearth inside naturally escapes through the gaps in the reeds on the ceiling.

Today, the Casoni are no longer used by fishermen but are shown for tourist purposes to share the history of the lagoon and the city.

As mentioned, the best way to see the Casoni is to rent or borrow a bicycle and follow the route that runs along the Trieste seafront to Porto Falconera, along a stone-beaten path reserved only for pedestrians and bicycles.

Caorle and the Fishermen

Caorle is closely tied to the activity of fishermen, and their history is within reach of a bike ride.
The Fishermen’s Port can be reached from the cycle path where one can immerse in the nature of the place. On the left, the fields are visible, and the first Casoni facing the channel can already be seen.

The island of the Casoni is indicated at the end of the path where you must leave the bicycles and walk a few meters. The amazement when arriving at the group of Casoni is remarkable; it almost feels like entering a prehistoric world.
Some Casoni have been recreated following the tradition that wants them without windows and with reeds collected in the lagoon left to dry in the sun. Inside the Casoni, the perceived temperature is higher.

A walk to visit the Casoni is an opportunity to discover the flora and fauna of the place. There are native plants and especially 280 recorded bird species, including the Red Heron, Coot, Little Grebe, and Mallard. A fox has also been sighted, and in these areas, many varieties of fish reproduce.

In addition to the possibility of visiting the lagoon by bicycle, it should be known that the waters of the lagoon are fully navigable and tourist boats are available that promote picturesque routes between channels and emerged lands, with stops specifically to visit the Casoni.

A visit to the lagoon will also greatly please children who will have the opportunity to experience a journey that takes them back in time. Ancient charm and an adventure at the same time, in a fairy-tale atmosphere.

The Fish Market of Caorle

A journey that digs into the local roots cannot miss one of the typical attractions of Caorle, the fish market. Both adults and children visiting will not be disappointed by the uniqueness witnessed every day on the banks of the Caorline, where the fish market of Caorle is located.

The show happens every afternoon where all the catch is sold at auction.

In this Maritime Village, one can witness an ancient tradition that has lasted for centuries. Fishermen return from the sea around 3 PM, buyers gather, and vacationing families wait for the development of this particular auction.
The boats assemble and among them, two-masted sailing ships can be seen. The catch is then brought ashore and the ear auction can begin, the typical way of selling fish in Caorle.

One remains amazed but also overwhelmed by the scene unfolding before one’s eyes, and one can feel how traditions in the lagoon hold significant weight for the inhabitants.

An ancient tradition that has been repeated for a very long time in an unchanging manner. Buyers can only be restaurateurs or hoteliers attempting to win the various batches of fish called by the auctioneer. Each buyer makes their offer directly by whispering it into the ear of the auctioneer, who only at the end declares who has won the batch of fish.

A visit to the fish market of Caorle is essential to enjoy a spectacle that is as picturesque as it is unusual.
The recreational opportunities this small town offers are many and very different from those experienced in traditional holiday locations. Another reason to choose to visit Caorle.